Island lies twenty kilometres east of Kuwait city,
opposite the bay of that name.
It is one of the
most important islands of Kuwait. Its
area is approximately 24 square kilometres. It
is triangular with its base in the west and head
the southeast. It is 14 kilometres in length, and its
width varies between eight kilometres in the west, five
in the middle and two in the east.
Several islands are situated near it, the most important being
Miskan to the northwest and Auhah
to the southeast. Its land is fertile and favourable for cultivation; it
has fresh underground water and until recently it
economically self-sufficient. After the discovery of
oil, patterns of life changed and its inhabitants
neglected fishing, pearl diving, cultivation and pasturage.
They turned their attention to trade and to work in
government agencies. Its excavations from the Bronze Age,
which date back to 3000 BC, assert that the island played an important role in
the history of the region.
In 1990, the Iraqi invaders mined the island and
forced its inhabitants, who scattered in different Kuwaiti
areas to quit the island.
Since that time, Failaka has